Even if you practice good oral hygiene, you could experience gum disease . This could be because you are more susceptible to it, or because you need additional guidance regarding your brushing or flossing technique. If you have gum disease, your dentist or periodontist can help you determine the best way to treat it and to prevent it in the future.
Causes and Prevention of Gum Disease
Gum disease occurs when bacteria in your mouth collect along the gum line, eventually leading to inflammation or infection. It can range from mild inflammation, also called gingivitis, to more serious forms of periodontitis, which is another word for infection in the gum tissue.
Most gum disease can be prevented with thorough, regular oral hygiene. Brushing and flossing help remove food fragments and bacteria, as well as the bacteria’s waste products, from the surfaces of the teeth and below the gum line. Flossing helps remove even more from just below the edge of the gums. You should also see your dentist regularly, since he can detect the early signs of gum disease before you begin to see more obvious symptoms.
Symptoms and Treatment for Gum Disease
If you experience symptoms of gum disease, you should see your dentist or periodontist as soon as possible. Some symptoms to keep an eye out for include:
Bleeding when you brush your teeth
A swollen or red look to your gums
Pus or sores along the gum line
A bad taste in the mouth