How did ISLAM lead to the DARK AGES, then RENAISSANCE & REFORMATION?
Caliph Umar fought alongside of Mohammed in nearly all his battles Umar's daughter Hafsa was one of Mohammed's wives Waging jihad, Umar conquered enormous areas, including: -Eastern Roman Empire Muslim pirates terrorized the Mediterranean, blockading trade. This caused an economic disaster in Roman Europe by diminishing products moving from North Africa and the Middle East to Rome. An important item no longer shipped was papyrus -- reeds from the Nile delta which were used for paper in Europe. The sudden shortage of paper resulted in a decline of writing, literacy, and fewer books being written. This was a key factor in the beginning of THE DARK AGES. The world's largest and oldest library was in Alexandria,…
this sunday: growing healthy families pt3
Temple Am Echad
Family Shabbat service this evening at 7PM! Camp Grants and Scholarships Brian Kessler, a high school senior, will be speaking about his recent trip to Poland and Israel on this year's March of...
What You're For, What You're Against!
"Be known for what you're for rather than what you're against." This statement--in various forms--has become something of a Christian cliche over the past decade. Nearly every time I hear it, I wonder if those who so often state it understand the irony of the potential false dilemma that they have inadvertantly created for themselves. Insisting that we should want to be known for what we're for rather than for what we're against includes being known for being against being known for what we're against. You may actually be making a statement akin to that which almost every unbeliever makes when they, in opposition to the Bible's condemnation of sin, misuse the only verse in the Bible that they know, "Judge not..."--which, ironically, is a quite judgmental response To be fair, I strongly…