Meet your children where they are. Think about your son's or daughter's age, personality and development. A pre-school child may need a simple explanation, "A lot of people got hurt. The teachers, police, medical staff and lots of other people are all helping." For elementary school-aged children, some level of information can help calm their worries. Asking them about what they already know and what they've heard can be a good place to start. From their comments, you can determine what they need help understanding in terms of facts and feelings. A tween or teen, often energized around fairness and justice, may want to talk about what can be done. What can they do? And they may ask, "what are you doing?" or "what can we do as a family?" Consider what you can do as a family. Taking some action and working together with others can be both healing and helpful for our communities.
Name and validate feelings. Here at the Institute we really value the work of Dr. Alec Miller, a child psychologist at New York's Montefiore Medical Center/Albert Einstein College of Medicine. In a prior NBC news interview, Dr. Miller shared, "You want to encourage kids to talk about what's upsetting them about the situation, to get some of the emotion off their chest." Once they've shared, validate the feelings. These are normal responses to a horrible, scary, sad event. You can share that you are feeling some of those same emotions. If your child is having trouble naming their feelings, you can help by providing some words. Drs. Dan Siegel and Tina Bryson have suggested "naming it to tame it" as a way to help children calm the big feelings.
Provide reassurance. Children and teens want to know they are safe. Don't hesitate to assure them of their safety. Yes, bad things happen. But we are much safer than not.
Keep the dialogue going AND limit exposure to the news. The 24 hour news cycle can make for some intense absorption with suffering. We all need breaks. Especially children. While our kids may need and want to discuss new developments, information and evolving feelings, it's important that they are not bombarded with news. Unplug. Turn off the TV and the computer. Make sure you and your family are engaged in your normal routine, sharing some meals together, enjoying some physical and other activities that engage the mind and soothe the spirit.
Find positive stories. You may be familiar with this quote from…